Supported employment (also known as supported competitive employment or the supported work model of competitive employment) is a service provided to disadvantaged adults looking to find and retain a job.
It is based on the idea that, with appropriate help, disadvantaged adults can find and retain a job in the competitive marketplace rather than being unemployed or working in a sheltered workshop.
Supported employment programmes share common elements such as:
Supported employment programmes are used to help a wide range of disadvantaged adults, including people on the autism spectrum and people with other disabilities.
There is a limited amount of low quality research evidence to suggest that supported employment programmes may increase employment rates among some adults with autism.
There is a limited amount of low quality research evidence to suggest that supported employment may improve cognitive functioning and overall quality of life in some adults with autism.
Further large scale, high quality research is required to determine if any factors (such as age, gender, severity of autism symptoms, previous employment experience, and the level and quality of vocational preparation) influence the success of such schemes.
Please read our Disclaimer on Autism Interventions