Developmental Interventions and Autism
Developmental interventions (also known as the Developmental Social-Pragmatic Model, the DSP model, the interactive model, or the child-oriented approach) are a wide group of interventions designed to target the core deficits within each child rather than his or her outward behaviours.
Developmental interventions are derived from research on typical child development that indicates a relationship between caregivers' responsivity and their child's level of social communication development.
According to Ingersoll et al (2005) Developmental interventions share several common characteristics
- First, teaching follows the child's lead or interest; the adult engages in child-initiated interactions that are based on the child's interests and attention.
- Second, the adult arranges the environment to encourage initiations from the child. Common strategies include playful obstruction (i.e., briefly interrupting an activity the child is doing)
- Third, all communicative attempts, including unconventional communication, are responded to as if they were purposeful.
- Fourth, emotional expressions and affect sharing are emphasized by the adult. The adult exaggerates his or her affective gestures and facial expressions and labels the chil'ss emotional response.
- Fifth, language and social input are adjusted to facilitate communicative growth.
In practice, developmental techniques are often used alongside other techniques such as Behavioural Interventions and also within many Educational Interventions.
Specific developmental interventions include
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- 20 Jan 2017