Anxiolytics are drugs used to treat feelings of anxiety or nervousness caused by stress or psychological problems. They are also used for sleeplessness and other problems. Anxiolytics are also known as hypnotics, sleeping pills, minor tranquillisers and sedatives.
Benzodiazepines are the most commonly used anxiolytics as they have fewer side effects than other anxiolytics such as barbiturates. Benzodiazepines include diazepam (Valium) and lorazepam (Ativan).Benzodiazepines are believed to work by modifying the amount and action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
Azapirones are an alternative type of anxiolytic drug and include buspirone (BuSpar).
Please see Anxiolytics and Autism Publications