Patterning therapies are treatments which involve a series of bodily exercises, and other activities, which are intended to 'rewire' the brain.
There are a number of different forms of patterning therapy (such as the Delacato method, the Doman method, and Developmental Reflexive Rehabilitation) but they all follow similar principles.
Patterning therapy is based on the belief that developmental disabilities like autism are caused by mild to severe brain injury. Those brain injuries can be overcome by moving the body in specific patterns, which is supposed to provide feedback to the damaged brain and help it to heal itself.
Patterning therapy is normally conducted by several adults on a single child. For example, one adult may turn the head of the child, another may move the child's right arm and leg and a third may move the child's left arm and leg.