Occupational therapy is the assessment and treatment of physical and psychiatric conditions using specific, purposeful activity to prevent disability and promote independent function in all aspects of daily life.
In practice, occupational therapy may be used to help an individual with autism to achieve and maintain normal daily tasks such as getting dressed, engaging in social interactions, completing school activities, and working or playing.
The occupational therapist may use a wide range of different interventions, techniques and tools. For example she may create games which help the individual to socialise with other people. Or she may use sensory techniques to help the individual process sensory information more effectively. Or she may help the individual to find and use the right kind of computer software.