Psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and behaviour: how we think, feel, act and interact, individually and in groups.
Psychology is concerned with all aspects of behaviour and with the thoughts, feelings and motivations underlying that behaviour.
In practice, psychologists help people with all sorts of problems, working with them to bring about change for the better.
For example, a psychologist may help someone on the autism spectrum to deal with social interactions.
The therapist may use a wide range of different interventions, techniques and tools. For example, they may use many of the interventions described in the section on behavioural and developmental interventions or in the section on psychological interventions. They may also work with a number of other professionals (such as teachers) and parents and carers.
Various claims have been made for the role of psychologists, and also for some of the specific techniques and approaches used by some psychologists when treating people on the autism spectrum.
For example, the Oxford Educational Assessment Centre claims that educational psychologists may be able to help with the assessment and treatment of issues such as significant difficulties with language development, significant difficulty in engaging in social interactions, an inconsistent response to sensory input, and a very restricted range of interests and activities which may be highly focused and repeated constantly.