This glossary is designed to explain some of the scientific terminology, abbreviations etc. used by some people when they talk about autism or research.
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
If you can’t find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.
Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions listed in this glossary, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. For more information please see Treatments and Therapies for Autism Currently Under Scientific Evaluation by Research Autism
Another term for Homeo-Biochemic Formulation Therapy, a homeopathic remedy based on plant oils which are highly diluted and then added to biochemical salts.
Acronym for gamma aminobutyric acid, an amino acid which acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system
Galantamine is in a class of medications called acetylcholinesterase inhibitors or cholinesterase inhibitors.
Gamma aminobutyric acid is an amino acid which acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.
Omega-6 fatty acid found in some plants, such as Borage and Evening Primrose
Herb which is sometimes used as an anti-fungal treatment.
Acronym for Gilliam Autism Rating Scale, meaure designed to identify and diagnose autism in individuals and to estimate the severity of the problem.
The stomach and other parts of the digestive system. Many people with autism spectrum disorders are reported to have significant GI problems.
A type of drainage therapy, a treatment which uses the buds and other very young parts of plants to stimulate elimination of toxic compounds from the body.
The particular set of genes possessed by an organism, or group of people with a disorder, which interacts with environmental factors to determine the organism’s, or group of people’s, phenotype.
Another term for holding therapy, an intervention which consists of forced holding by a therapist or parent until the child stops resisting or until a fixed time period has elapsed
Non-violent approach for helping people with special needs and sometimes challenging behaviors.
Brand name for ziprasidone, a type of anti-psychotic drug sometimes used to treat problem behaviours in people with autism spectrum disorders.
Acronym for Gluten-Free diet, a diet which avoids or reduces foods which contain gluten, a substance found in cereals
Acronym for Glycemic Index.
School-based programme which offers a range of therapies
Meaure designed to identify and diagnose autism in individuals and to estimate the severity of the problem.
A herb extract used to treat circulatory disorders and enhance memory.
Acronym for Gamma Linolenic Acid, an omega-6 fatty acid found in some plants, such as Borage and Evening Primrose