This glossary is designed to explain some of the scientific terminology, abbreviations etc. used by some people when they talk about autism or research.
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
If you can’t find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.
Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions listed in this glossary, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. For more information please see Treatments and Therapies for Autism Currently Under Scientific Evaluation by Research Autism
Acronym for the latest version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
Organic compound of the quinone family which is supposed to promote nerve growth factor in the brain
Term used when the cause of a disease or disorder is unknown.
A tricyclic anti-depressant sold under various brand names including Tofranil®.
Protein used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects like bacteria and viruses.
Group of interventions which are designed to make the immune system work more effectively.
An immunomodulator is a substance (e. g. a drug) which has an effect on the immune system.
Measures the rate of occurrence of new cases of a disease or disorder.
Form of teaching in which a teacher takes advantage of naturally occurring ‘incidents’ or situations to provide learning opportunities for the student.
Inderal ® is a brand name for propranolol, a type of drug called β-adrenergic antagonists (beta blockers).
Another term for autistic disorder. It is also known as autism, childhood autism, early infantile autism, infantile psychosis, or Kanner’s syndrome.
Another term for autistic disorder. It is also known as autism, childhood autism, early infantile autism or Kanner’s syndrome.
Chronic inflammatory diseases that may occur in any part of the gut.
Infrared sauna therapy or sauna therapy is a treatment which uses infrared radiation to increase circulation and nourish damaged tissue.
InnoPran ® is a brand name for propranolol, a type of drug called β-adrenergic antagonists (beta blockers).
Inability to sleep applied to the general complaint of having trouble falling or staying asleep.
An individual and group therapy approach that combines speech-language pathology, behavioural and mental health counseling, and yoga.
The use of conventional and complementary medicine alongside one another. .
Another term for Learning Disability, a permanent condition, arising during childhood or adolescence. It is characterised by a state of incomplete development of mind that includes significant impairments of intelligence and social functioning.
An intelligence quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different standardized tests attempting to measure intelligence.