This glossary is designed to explain some of the scientific terminology, abbreviations etc. used by some people when they talk about autism or research.
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
If you can’t find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email email@example.com
The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.
Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions listed in this glossary, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. For more information please see Treatments and Therapies for Autism Currently Under Scientific Evaluation by Research Autism
Kampo medicine is an ancient Japanese system of medicine that uses a wide variety of methods for diagnosing and treating many different medical conditions.
Another term for autistic disorder. It is also known as autism, childhood autism, early infantile autism, or infantile psychosis.
Kaplan lenses, another term for ambient prism lenses, are used to help improve ambient vision, the visual system related to spatial organisation.
A martial art which uses a variety of striking techniques, including punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes.
A system of basic body positioning and movement exercises, as in karate or judo.
A brand name for levetiracetam, a type of anti-convulsant, a group of drugs which aim to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.
Brand name for quetiapine, a type of anti-psychotic drug sometimes used to treat problem behaviours in people with autism spectrum disorders.
Another term for the ketogenic diet, a high fat, adequate protein, low carbohydrate diet designed to mimic many of the biochemical changes associated with prolonged starvation.
A type of anti-fungal medication used to treat fungal infections that can spread to different parts of the body.
A high fat, adequate protein, low carbohydrate diet designed to mimic many of the biochemical changes associated with prolonged starvation.
Metabolic state which occurs when the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies which can be used by the body for energy.
Another term for St. John’s Wort, a plant used to treat a range of conditions including depression.
Klonopin is a brand name for clonazepam, a type of anticonvulsant.
Kuvan is another term for tetrahydrobiopterin, a naturally occurring nutrient and essential cofactor of the three aromatic amino acid hydroxylase enzymes,