This glossary is designed to explain some of the scientific terminology, abbreviations etc. used by some people when they talk about autism or research.
You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.
If you can’t find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email email@example.com
The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.
Over time we hope to evaluate each of the interventions listed in this glossary, providing a ranking which tells you the level of scientific evidence which supports or does not support its use. For more information please see Treatments and Therapies for Autism Currently Under Scientific Evaluation by Research Autism
Acronym for Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, a comprehensive test of cognitive ability for adults.
A range of early intervention programmes for toddlers, preschool children and kindergarten students run by the Emory Autism Resource Center in Georgia, US.
The Waldon Approach, named after its creator the neurologist Geoffrey Waldon, is an intervention designed to help children with developmental disabilities.
Another term for EDTA, a synthetic solution used as a chelating agent to remove heavy metals from the body.
Another name for watsu, a form of hydrotherapy which combines elements of massage, joint mobilisation, shiatsu, muscle stretching and dance
Form of hydrotherapy which combines elements of massage, joint mobilisation, shiatsu, muscle stretching and dance
Form of aquatic massage, which uses elements of various massage and mobilisation techniques.
Some websites, but not all, are a type of online community.
Comprehensive test of cognitive ability for adults.
Weighted blankets are ordinary blankets which are made heavier by adding small weights, which can either be stitched into the fabric or put into specially designed pockets.
Weighted items, such as vests and blankets, are made heavier by adding small weights, which can either be stitched into the fabric or put into specially designed pockets.
Weighted vests are vests or jackets which are made heavier by adding small weights, which can either be stitched into the fabric or put into specially designed pockets.
Another term for holding therapy, an intervention which consists of forced holding by a therapist or parent until the child stops resisting or until a fixed time period has elapsed
Condition usually commencing between 3 and 8 months of age characterised by infantile spasms. More common in people with autism.
Another term for conventional medicine, the medicine practiced by doctors and by allied health professionals – such as nurses, occupational therapists etc – which is based on sound scientific evidence.
The Weston A. Price diet is another term for the Nourishing Traditions diet. This requires you to consume a combination of traditional food types including saturated fats, unprocessed dairy products, sprouting grains, stocks and broths while avoiding processed foods
Form of brushing therapy, which involves applying rapid and firm pressure touch to the arms, hands, back, legs, and feet using a surgical brush
Test designed to measure the effects on reading of visuo-perceptual distortions of text, such as apparent movement of the words and letters, blurring and coloured halos.
Rare disorder caused by an abnormality in chromosomes. It shows a wide variation in ability from person to person. It can cause learning disabilities. More common in people with autism.
A type of visual schedule, a set of pictures that communicates a series of activities or the steps of a specific activity.