Autism (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a condition that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people. It also affects how they make sense of the world around them.
There are several different forms of autism including Autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified.
Individuals with autism vary enormously but they all share the ‘core’ features of autism which include:
- difficulties communicating with other people – difficulties interacting with other people – difficulties understanding other people
Individuals with autism also demonstrate a narrow, repetitive range of thoughts and activities
People with autism are also likely to have a range of other problems such as anxiety or epilepsy.
There is no cure for autism but there are some treatments and therapies (Interventions) which can help solve some of the problems faced by people with autism and their families.
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders due for publication in May 2013 will eliminate the subtypes of autism, such as Asperger syndrome, into one diagnosis called autism spectrum disorder. According to the American Psychiatric Association, this represents an effort to more accurately diagnose all individuals showing the signs of autism.
Please see the Advanced version of this page for more information about autism, including relevant research studies.
Last Updated : 03/02/2013 Back to Top