Showing 1 to 20 of 133 Results

Glossary Item Description

The M-CHAT is an acronym for the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, a screening tool for toddlers between 16 and 30 months of age.


Macrophages are important cells of the immune system that are formed in response to an infection or accumulating damaged or dead cells.

Macrophage Activating Factor

Macrophage activating factors (MAF) are  natural substances (such as lymphokines)  that prime macrophages so that they become toxic to tumours, pathogens and other harmful cells in the body.


MAF is an ancronym for macrophage activating factors, natural substances (such as lymphokines) that prime macrophages so that they become toxic to tumours, pathogens and other harmful cells in the body.


Magnesium is a mineral found in a wide variety of foods. The richest sources are green leafy vegetables (such as spinach) and nuts. Good sources include bread, fish, meat and dairy foods. It is sometimes taken as a supplement.

Magnesium Sulphate

Magnesium sulphate is a chemical which is used for a variety of medicinal purposes including as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a type of scan that uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of the inside of the body.

Mainstream Medicine

Mainstream medicine is another term for standard  healthcare or conventional medicine, the medicine practiced by doctors and by allied health professionals which is based on sound scientific evidence.

Mainstream School

Mainstream school is a term used in the UK to refer to a school which is not a special school.

Major Tranquillisers

Major tranquillisers is another term for antipsychotics, a class of psychoative drugs used to treat a range of mental health problems including psychosis, anxiety and dementia.


Makation is a language programme which uses signs and symbols to teach communication, language and literacy skills to people with communication and learning difficulties.

Maladaptive Behaviour

Maladaptive behaviour is sometimes defined by the extent to which a person is incapable of being self-sufficient in real-life situations, including the functional use of communication, socialisation, daily living and motor skills.

Managing Repetitive Behaviours Programme

The Managing Repetitive Behaviours Programme is a multi-component programme designed to help parents deal with repetitive and restricted behaviours in children on the autism spectrum.

Managing Your Child's Behaviour to Promote Better Sleep

Managing Your Child's Behaviour to Promote Better Sleep is intervention that aims to enable parents and carers to understand and manage their child's behaviour in order to encourage a more consistent and settled sleep and waking pattern.


Mand is a term used within the verbal behaviour approach meaning to request or ask for something.

Mand-Model Approach

The mand-model approach is an extension of the incidental teaching model. 


Manganese is a mineral and an essential nutrient.

Manic Depression

Manic depression, is another term for bipolar disorder, a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another.


Manipulation-based interventions include a range of treatments and therapies in which someone other than the patient manipulates or moves the patient's body or parts of it.

Manipulative and Body-Based Practices

Manipulative and body-based practices focus primarily on the structures and systems of the body, including the bones and joints, the soft tissues, and the circulatory and lymphatic systems.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net


The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.