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Glossary

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Glossary Item description
PABI

PABI is an acronym for the Penguin for Autism Behavioral Interventions, a compact humanoid robot.

Packing Therapy

Packing therapy involves wrapping the individual in towels previously wet in cold water. The individual is then wrapped with blankets to help the body warm up.

PACT

PACT is an acronym for the Pre-school Autism Communication Trial, a programme developed by the University of Manchester in the UK.

PACTS

PACTS is an acronym for Parents of Autistic Children Training and Support, a programme of early intensive behavioural intervention devised by the London Borough of Bexley.

Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus

Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcusis (PANDAS) is a condition in which children develop antibodies which attack the basal ganglia in the brain as well as those bacteria.

Paired Associative Learning

Paired associative learning is a teaching method which involves the learner experiencing two stimuli at once or in close proximity and beginning to associate them.

Palaeolithic Diet

The palaeolithic diet requires you to follow the diet believed to have been followed by early humans.

Paliperidone

Paliperidone is an atypical antipsychotic drug, sold under the brand name Invega, used to treat delusional psychosis.

Pamelor

Pamelor is a brand name for nortriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant.

PANDAS

PANDAS is an acronym for paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcusis, a condition in which children develop antibodies which attack the basal ganglia in the brain as well as those bacteria.

Pangamatic or Pangamatic Acid

Pangamatic or pangamatic acid is another name for dimethylglycine (DMG), a derivative of the amino acid glycine.

Papain

Papain is an enzyme present in the leaves, latex, roots, and fruit of the papaya plant that catalyzes the breakdown of proteins by addition of a water molecule

Paramedic

A paramedic is a person who is trained to do medical work, especially emergency first aid, but is not a fully qualified doctor.

Paranoia

Everybody experiences suspicious or irrational thoughts from time to time. These fears are described as paranoid when they are exaggerated and there is no evidence that they are true.

Parasomnias

Parasomnias are undesirable physical experiences which occur within sleep or during arousal from sleep.

Parent Directed Interaction

Parent directed interaction is a component of parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT), a treatment for young children that places emphasis on improving the quality of the parent-child relationship and changing parent-child interaction patterns.

Parent Education Programmes

Parent education programmes are designed to tell parents about autism, related issues (such as sleep problems) and the interventions and services that may be available to them.

Parent Mediated Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder in South Asia

Parent Mediated Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder in South Asia (PASS) is a version of the Pre-school Autism Communication Trial (PACT) developed for use in low-income and middle-income countries

Parent Support Programmes

Parent support programmes are designed to provide parents and carers with various forms of support.

Parent Training Programmes

Parent training programmes may be designed to teach parents how to deliver interventions to their own children (child-focused programmes) or they may be designed to teach parents how to cope with the difficulties of having a child on the autism spectrum (parent-focused programmes).

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.