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Glossary

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Glossary Item description
VABS

VABS ia an acronym for the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, measures designed to assess the personal and social self-sufficiency of individuals from birth to early adulthood.

Vagus Nerve Stimulation

Vagus nerve stimulation is a treatment for epilepsy that involves a stimulator (or 'pulse generator') which is connected, inside the body, to the left vagus nerve in the neck. 

Validity

Validity means how likely it is that something is true.

Valproate Sodium

Valproate sodium is another name for sodium valproate, a type of anticonvulsant designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Valproic Acid

Valproic acid is another name for sodium valproate, a type of anticonvulsant drug designed to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures.

Van Dijk Curricular Approach

The Van Dijk Curricular Approach is an intervention based on joint encounters where two individuals experience events together so that the adult can better understand the child.

Vancomycin

Vancomycin is a type of medication called a glycopeptide antibiotic.

Vasopressin

Vasopressin is a hormone which plays an important role in increasing water re-absorption in the kidneys. It has also been implicated in social behaviours and in reducing anxiety.

Venlafaxine

Venlafaxine is a type of antidepressant drug, used to treat major depressive disorder, anxiety, and panic disorder.

Verbal Behaviour Approach

The verbal behaviour approach is used within various interventions, such as EIBI, which focus on teaching specific components of expressive language first.

Verbal Operant

Verbal operant is a term used within the verbal behaviour approach to describe one of the components of expressive language.

Versene Acid

Versene acid is another term for EDTA, a synthetic solution used as a chelating agent to remove heavy metals from the body.

Vestibular System

The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that help control balance and eye movements.

Viadur

Viadur is a brand name of leuprolide, a drug which turns off the production of testosterone.

Video Interaction Guidance

Video interaction guidance is an intervention that uses video clips of interactions between people to help improve those interactions.

Video Interaction to Promote Positive Parenting

The Video Interaction to Promote Positive Parenting programme is an intervention in which the therapists work with parents using videofeedback to help them to understand and adapt to their infant's individual communication style to promote the best possible social and communicative development.

Video Modelling

Video modelling is a method of teaching in which an individual learns a behaviour or a skill by watching a video recording of someone (the model) demonstrating that behaviour or skill.

Video Prompting

Video prompting is a form of video modelling in which the participant is shown a video clip of one step of the task and then given the opportunity to complete that step before the next step is shown.

Vigabatrin

Vigabatrin is a medicine which is used in partial epilepsy, secondarily generalised partial epilepsy and West's syndrome.

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS)

The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) are a set of measures designed to assess the personal and social self-sufficiency of individuals from birth to early adulthood.

About This Glossary

This glossary is designed to explain some of the jargon and gobbledygook used by some people when they talk about autism or research..

You may be able to find more information, including links to other parts of this website, by clicking on the title of an item.

If you can't find the word you are looking for, or you know of a word we should include, please email info@researchautism.net

Disclaimer

The fact that an intervention is listed in this glossary does not necessarily mean that we agree with its use. Nor does it necessarily mean that there is any scientifically valid or reliable evidence behind it.