Supported employment (also known as supported competitive employment or the supported work model of competitive employment) is a service provided to disadvantaged adults looking to find and retain a job.
It is based on the idea that, with appropriate help, disadvantaged adults can find and retain a job in the competitive marketplace rather than being unemployed or working in a sheltered workshop.
Supported employment programmes share common elements such as:
Supported employment programmes are used to help a wide range of disadvantaged adults, including people on the autism spectrum and people with other disabilities.
There is a limited amount of low quality research evidence to suggest that supported employment programmes may increase employment rates among some adults on the autism spectrum.
There is insufficient high quality research evidence to determine whether supported employment programmes may improve the overall quality of life among adults on the autism spectrum.
There is a need for large scale, high quality research to determine if supported employment programmes can provide benefits of any kind to adults on the autism spectrum.
There is a need for research to determine if any factors (such as age, gender, severity of autism symptoms, previous employment experience, and the level and quality of vocational preparation) influence the success of such schemes.
Any such research should involve people on the autism spectrum to review the efficacy and ethical basis of the programmes.
Please read our Disclaimer on Autism Interventions