Methylphenidate is a form of medication known as a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. It is also known as methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride or MPH.
Methylphenidate is sold under various brand names including Attenta, Concerta, Equaysym, Medikinet, Metadate, Methylin, Ritalin and Rubifen.
Methylphenidate is believed to work by increasing the amount of dopamine, a natural chemical, found in the brain. Increasing the amount of dopamine is believed to improve self-control, attention and concentration.
Methylphenidate is commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although it is also sometimes used to treat narcolepsy.
Some people believe that methylphenidate can be used with some individuals on the autism spectrum to reduce problem behaviours, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.
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